There are three central concepts of Virtue Ethics, namely: Eudaimonism can be referred to as happiness or having a good life which is said to be achievable by practicing the values of an individual in daily activities and in resolving conflicts while the ethics of care is based on a principle that when it comes to autonomy and justice, men uses masculinity and women, through caring. Agent-based theories, on the other hand, are about virtues based on intuition that uses common sense. In this concept, character traits are kindness, compassion and benevolence.
Aristotle said that we have the natural ability to be virtuous, by including both intellectual virtues compassion, justice etc as well as those of character and those developed by habit. However, we must take into account the doctrine of the mean, meaning we must find the right middle ground between excess and deficiency with any characteristic or virtue.
To an extent, it could be said that the weaknesses of virtue ethics do in fact outweigh the strengths. For example, what someone considers to be a virtue is subjective and so there can never be a set idea on what a virtue is.
However, it is actually more convincing to disagree with the statement and argue that actually, the strengths of virtue ethics outweigh the weaknesses. For example, for reasons such as it focusing on the agent rather than the action, which subsequently develops people.
On one hand, it can be argued to an extent that the statement is correct and the weaknesses of virtue ethics do outweigh the strengths. Firstly, this can be said because what an individual considers to be a virtue is very subjective and as such it makes identifying what virtues actually are more difficult, and also means there can never be one specific set of virtues due to how subjective it is.
As well as this, another reason for why the weaknesses of virtue ethics could potentially outweigh the strengths is there is the question of how it can be applied to a moral dilemma. Therefore this can be seen as another reason why it can be argued to an extent that the weaknesses of virtue ethics actually outweigh the strengths.
This links to a final reason why it can be argued to an extent that the weaknesses of virtue ethics outweigh the strengths, which is that it is difficult to decide who is virtuous as someone who appears virtuous may not actually have good motives.
However, on the other hand it is actually more convincing to argue against the statement and say that it is in fact the strengths of virtue ethics that outweigh the weaknesses.
Firstly, this is because it focuses on the agent rather than the action- i. This is shown in the virtue ethics work of people like Richard Taylor for example. He encourages the development of personal excellence, rather than following moral absolutes. Virtue ethics, to him, is ethics of aspiration- to aspire to be the ideal person.
As well as this, virtue ethics is a very inclusive system.
This is for reasons highlighted in such works as the virtue ethics of Alasdair McIntyre which focuses on the community and therefore involves everyon. Virtue ethics originated from the Greeks, who believed that it is impossible for the individual to flourish without the community.
To the Greeks, friendshi was Charlotte Lancaster a key virtue; they avoided individualism, which can be seen in other ethical theories such as utilitarianism.
These are significant reasons as to why the strengths of virtue ethics actually outweigh the weaknesses. Furthermore, virtue ethics is a very flexible system.
This is because what a person considers to be a virtue is subjective. For example some people might find courage to be a virtue but others may not. As such, virtue ethics is even more applicable to everyone because of its flexibility and this can be seen as another way in which the strengths of virtue ethics outweigh the weaknesses.
She also shows another strength of virtue ethics which contributes to the strengths outweighing the weaknesses, which is that virtue ethics is good for humans as living virtuously allows us to achieve eudaimonia, i.
Finally, the fact that virtue ethics is compatible with human living also means that its strengths outweigh the weaknesses. The fact that it focuses on a balance of virtues and so helps you to be the best person you can be, for example, proves that it is compatible with human living as it shows evidence of promoting the emotional growth of humans.
This links to the fact that virtue ethics takes account of emotions and so reflects what humans are actually like. These are all contributing factors showing that the strengths of virtue ethics actually outweigh the weaknesses.
In conclusion, despite it being possible to argue to an extent that the weaknesses of virtue ethics outweigh the strengths, due to such reasons as it being unhelpful to a person facing a moral dilemma, it is actually more convincing to argue against the statement and say that it is in fact the strengths of virtue ethics which outweigh the weaknesses- for example, due to it focusing on the agent rather than the action and subsequently developing human character.Strengths Weaknesses Holistic view of human nature.
Reason is applied through phronesis or practical wisdom, but unlike Kant, the emotions are not ignored, as virtue ethics is holistic (includes emotion in the building of character). versions of Virtue Ethics address the weaknesses of Aristotle’s teachings on virtue?
Aristotle’s idea of Virtue Ethics was influenced by his belief that all things and all humans have a purpose (a telos). Hume and the Ethics of Virtue Essay. I argue that Hume's ethics can be characterized as a virtue ethics, by which I mean a view.
The Strengths and Weaknesses Of Virtue Ethics The virtue ethicist suggests that this theory avoids the complicated tasks of using a formula to figure out what we should do, by instead focusing on the kinds of persons we sould be.
The problem lies in determining how we know what kinds of persons we should be. Essay on Virtue. Aug 04, · Virtue ethics is the ethics of us as persons and argues that morality is not about duties. There are a number of arguments for and against virtue ethics, and most for argue for the formation and growth of us via phronesis or practical wisdom, which allows us to make the right decisions by using our conscience.
However it can be seen that virtue ethics can have serious weaknesses due to conflicting virtues. What happens when virtues conflict, for example, when honesty and kindness conflict, or honesty and loyalty to one's friends. The Strengths and Weaknesses Of Virtue Ethics.
The virtue ethicist suggests that his theory avoids the complicated. tasks of using a formula to figure out what we ought to do, by instead. focusing on the kinds of persons we ought to be.