According to Homeland security research, the U. Customs and Border ProtectionU. Although many businesses now operate in the area of homeland security, it is overwhelmingly a government function.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Why are these threats important for national security policy-makers to address? How has the international security community reacted to these threats? What role do conventional militaries have in responding to the threats, if any?
How will this problem be resolved and when? Since the end of World War Two, the terrorist threat has become harder to define but potentially much more lethal.
The arms race of the 20th century has led to fears that radical organizations can acquire these arms and use them to highest effect against civilian populations. Today the threat has changed.
Terrorist groups are armed and financed more than ever before. Often, they operate out of an ideology that rejects pure reason.
Terrorists may be part of wide networks or they may act alone. They may target infrastructure, technology, individuals or groups of people. Preventing any possible threat may not be possible. Preparing to react effectively is more possible.
There are some particular areas of vulnerability officials are focusing on, however. Biological attacks have the potential to cause massive loss of life. Treaties to ensure the destruction of potentially weaponizable biological agents were signed in the s.
By most accounts, the United States took action to destroy their agents, but the Soviet Union did not. The extent of the Soviet program is still not fully known. It is also not known how many samples may have fallen into the hands of hostile regimes or terrorist organizations.
Preparing for these attacks will involve a comprehensive strategy that integrates public and private facilities. United States health and security organizations are proceeding under the assumption that there are active, ongoing attempts to effectively weaponize harmful biological agents.
Greater controls over biotoxins have been put in place in recent years. The experience of Hurricane Katrina has shown that developing an efficient and effective response to catastrophic events is still a work in progress. Another area of vulnerability is our nations infrastructure.
Additional security measures have been implemented at power plants, water facilities and other vital locations. The effort to secure shipping and transportation links has been moving at a somewhat slower pace.
Only a fraction of incoming ships are searched thoroughly.
Federalized screeners are conducting more searches of passengers and baggage, but their effectiveness is still in question. Computer networks are now an emerging focus for public and private officials.
These networks are essential to our economy. As such they are inviting targets for terrorists. Terrorist groups have shown themselves to be computer savvy, using the internet as a promotion and recruitment tool. A lone hacker anywhere on earth can potentially produce a devastating impact on the American economy.
The government has partnered with business to stay ahead of the curve on this issue, in some cases even hiring former hackers to help secure their networks.
Clearly, the prevention effort is not foolproof. Terrorism has been around for thousands of years and there are no prospects for its complete elimination. Its effects can be minimized through preparation and enlightened policies. It is important for policy makers to address these threats both externally and internally.
Internationally, the role of the military is somewhat limited.Protecting our borders from the illegal movement of weapons, drugs, contraband, and people, while promoting lawful trade and travel, is essential to homeland .
The Homeland Security Act - The Homeland Security Act of impacted the American people without many of them realizing it. The act called for increased monitoring of computer networks, phone lines, and online history inside the United States and allowed the government to deport suspects (ACLU).
The Homeland Security Act of combined twenty-two agencies and programs into one department with roughly , employees (not counting the 25, to 30, passenger screeners added a . Please, no plagiarized work!Homeland Defense refers to the provision of security to the US domestic population, sovereignty, territory, and important infrastructure against threats and aggression that are external (Bullock, et al.
).The threat that America faces requires a bigger commitment with the individual citizens as they act as the. The Homeland Security Act of and the Department of Homeland Security Benjamin K.
Hickman Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University ABSTRACT This paper explores The Homeland Security Act of and its effect on the security landscape of the United States of America. Many of the problems within the Department of Homeland Security and its internal affairs divisions can be traced back to its creation in the wake of 9/