Sixteen when I wrote it, seventeen when I sold it, eighteen when it came out.
|From the SparkNotes Blog||By Kenneth Bernstein You are a college professor. I have just retired as a high school teacher.|
The United States House of Representatives passed the bill on December 13, voting —41 and the United States Senate passed it on December 18, voting 87— Provisions of the act[ edit ] No Child Left Behind requires all public schools receiving federal funding to administer a statewide standardized test annually to all students.
If the school's results are repeatedly poor, then steps are taken to improve the school. Students have the option to transfer to a better school within the school district, if any exists.
Missing AYP in the third year forces the school to offer free tutoring and other supplemental education services to students who are struggling.
If a school misses its AYP target for a fourth consecutive year, the school is labelled as requiring "corrective action," which might involve wholesale replacement of staff, introduction of a new curriculum, or extending the amount of time students spend in class.
A fifth year of failure results in planning to restructure the entire school; the plan is implemented if the school unsuccessfully hits its AYP targets for the sixth consecutive year.
Common options include closing the school, turning the school into a charter schoolhiring a private company to run the school, or asking the state office of education to run the school directly.
States must create AYP objectives consistent with the following requirements of the law: The objectives must be set with the goal of having all students at the proficient level or above within 12 years i.
AYP must be primarily based on state assessments, but must also include one additional academic indicator. The AYP objectives must be assessed at the school level. Schools that failed to meet their AYP objective for two consecutive years are identified for improvement.
School AYP results must be reported separately for each group of students identified above so that it can be determined whether each student group met the AYP objective. States may aggregate up to three years of data in making AYP determinations. The act requires states to provide " highly qualified " teachers to all students.
Each state sets its own standards for what counts as "highly qualified. Each state decides for itself what counts as "one high, challenging standard," but the curriculum standards must be applied to all students, rather than having different standards for students in different cities or other parts of the state.
The act also requires schools to let military recruiters have students' contact information and other access to the student, if the school provides that information to universities or employers, unless the students opt out of giving military recruiters access.
This portion of the law has drawn lots of criticism and has even led to political resistance. For instance, in in Santa Cruz, Californiastudent-led efforts forced school districts to create an "opt-in" policy that required students affirm they wanted the military to have their information.
This successful student organizing effort was copied in various other cities throughout the United States. According to the legislation, schools must pass yearly tests that judge student improvement over the fiscal year. These yearly standardized tests are the main means of determining whether schools live up to required standards.
If required improvements are not made, the schools face decreased funding and other punishments that contribute to the increased accountability. According to supporters, these goals help teachers and schools realize the significance and importance of the educational system and how it affects the nation.
Opponents of this law say that the punishments only hurt the schools and do not contribute to the improvement of student education.The No Child Left Behind Act of (NCLB) was a U.S.
Act of Congress that reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; it included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students. It supported standards-based education reform based on the premise that setting high standards and establishing measurable goals could improve individual outcomes in education.
Dec 11, · It was the product of lengthy negotiations between Democrats and Republicans and a shared opposition to the strictures in the No Child Left Behind law signed by George W.
Bush 14 years ago — and to the Obama administration’s efforts to institute its own performance incentives tied to teachers’ pay. I keep telling folks that these dates are arbitrary, that authors publish when they’re ready and that everyone is ready at a different time.
Information on No Child Left Behind, including the Act and policy, and the Obama Administration's blueprint for reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
Blog writing — and, increasingly, any informative writing — comes with a unique challenge: Share quality information in a casual, entertaining and approachable voice. Be authoritative but also, like, totally cool. While many people think the conversational tone of a blog means writing it will.
Dec 03, · NPR’s Book Concierge Our Guide To ’s Great Reads. by Nicole Cohen, David Eads, Rose Friedman, Becky Lettenberger, Petra Mayer, Beth Novey and Christina Rees – Published December 3,