Those participants that heard the word? Explanation of results To account for the results of the second experiment, Loftus and Palmer developed the following explanation called the reconstructive hypothesis: They argue that two kinds of information go into a person's memory of an event.
Reconstruction of automobile destruction the first experiment Aim: To investigate whether the use of leading questions would affect recall in a situation where participants were asked to estimate speed. This is a situation that could happen when people appear in court as eyewitness testimonies.
The student participants saw videos of traffic accidents and had to answer questions about the accident. In experiment 1, the participants were asked to estimate speed of the cars based on a critical question: The results indicate that memory is not reliable and that memory can be manipulated by using specific words.
It is not the actual details of the accident that are remembered but rather what is in line with a cognitive schema of a severe accident.
It could also be that participants simply had difficulties estimating speed.
This cannot be ruled out. The experiment was conducted in a laboratory. There may be a problem of ecological validity. Maybe laboratory experiments on memory are too artificial. The fact that the experiment used students as participants has also been criticized because students are not representative of a general population.
The experiment was rigorously controlled so it was possible to establish a cause-effect relationship between the independent variable the critical words and the dependent variable estimation of speed.Loftus and Palmer This study was conducted to determine whether memory could be distorted by other information, which occurs after the event.
The idea of the study was to see if any information they supplied influenced the witness’s memory information they had for the event. Loftus, E. F., & Palmer, J. C.
|A Wealth of Free Psychology!||Participants heard a discussion going on in the room next door. There were 2 conditions:|
|Loftus and Palmer | Simply Psychology||Participants heard a discussion going on in the room next door.|
|AQA Psychology - Loftus and Palmer () - Revision Notes in GCSE Psychology||Explanation of results To account for the results of the second experiment, Loftus and Palmer developed the following explanation:|
(). Reconstruction of automobile destruction: An example of the interaction between language and vetconnexx.coml of verbal learning and verbal behavior, 13(5), This is the classic cognitive psychology study which you will look at for your H AS OCR Psychology exam.
Before this study was conducted, many cognitive psychologists Loftus and Palmer (): evidence such as Loftus’, the Devlin Report () recommended trial judges be required to instruct juries that it is not safe to convict on a single eyewitness testimony alone.
Study 24 Loftus And Palmer flashcards from Yasmin T. on StudyBlue. Loftus and Palmer () conducted a classic experiment to investigate the effect of leading questions on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony.
Loftus and Palmer () conducted a classic experiment to investigate the effect of leading questions on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. Study notes Duration of Long-term Memory. Study notes. Oct 06, · Loftus and Palmer - study of memory The famous "car crash" experiment from - Loftus shows evidence for her theory that memory can be altered by adding information after the fact.