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Sometimes called word order; how words combine to form sentences and the rules governing sentence formation. Tape script A written text which accompanies listening material; may be used to make cloze passages or for student review.
Task-based syllabus A syllabus organized around a sect of real, purposeful tasks that students are expected to carry out; tasks may include telephone use, making charts or maps, following instructions, and so on; task-based learning is purposeful and a natural way to learn language.
Teachable moments Times in a language class in which the Key definitions in teaching realizes that a point of information not in the lesson plan will help students understand a language point; teachable moments digress for a brief time from the lesson plan and can be valuable in helping student learning and keeping students engaged.
Teacher talk The language teachers use when teaching; involves simplifying speech for students; it may be detrimental to learning if it is childish or not close to the natural production of the target language.
See a fuller description at English language learning and teaching. When we speak of English as a foreign language EFLwe are referring to the role of English for learners in a country where English is not spoken by the majority what Braj Kachru calls the expanding circle. English as a second language ESL refers to the role of English for learners in an English-speaking country, i.
This difference is very important, because it strongly affects student motivation. In particular, it affects their motivation to learn.
In non-English speaking countries, students have instrumental motivation, the desire to learn English to accomplish a goal. They may want to improve their job prospects, for example, or to speak to tourists.
In English-speaking countries, they have integrative motivation, the desire to learn the language to fit into an English-language culture.
They are more likely to want to integrate because they 1. Generally have more friends and family with English language skills. Have immediate financial and economic incentives to learn English.
Have more opportunities to practice English. Need it in daily life; often require it for work. Often attend English classes with students who speak a wide range of mother tongues.
They are learning, and their instructors are teaching, English as a second language. Technique A way of presenting language.
Thematic syllabus Syllabus based on themes or topics of interest to the students. Uninterrupted sustained silent writing A technique in writing whereby a specified, relatively short period of time is set aside in class for students to practice their writing without being interrupted.
This helps build writing fluency. Vocabularyimportance of Core vocabulary the most common 2, English words needs to be heavily stressed in language teaching.
There is no point in presenting exotic vocabulary until students have mastered basic, high-frequency words. Learners should be tested on high-frequency word lists for passive knowledge, active production and listening comprehension.
Learners cannot comprehend or speak at a high level without these words as a foundation. Learners need to spend time practicing these words until they are automatic; this is known as building automaticity. Since there is often not enough class time for much word practice, teachers need to present their students with strategies for developing automaticity outside the classroom.
Vocabulary-based syllabus Syllabus built around vocabulary; often associated with the grammatical syllabus and the grammar translation method. Worksheets Teacher-developed, paper-based activities to help students comprehend, use, and learn language; can be used in association with all skill levels and in individual and group work.Dogme language teaching is considered to be both a methodology and a movement.
Dogme is a communicative approach to language teaching that encourages teaching without published textbooks and focuses instead on conversational communication among learners and teacher. A summary sheet which covers the definitions of key terms in thermochemistry, including the enthalpies of combustion, neutralisation and solution, plus key terms used in Born-Haber Cycles.
Key words from the Edexcel core science chemistry spec.
Can be used as homework (learn numbers 1 to 10) or for quick tests during lessons. Useful resource to give to classes at the start of the year. Gift Definitions: 1. Administration: "The special ability that God gives to certain members of the body of Christ to understand clearly the immediate and long-range goals of a particular unit of the body of Christ and to devise and execute effective plans for the accomplishment of those goals." This gift is a leadership gift and is often characterized by people who lead the body by steering.
More Definitions for teaching. teaching. noun. English Language Learners Definition of teaching (Entry 1 of 2): the job or profession of a teacher: something that is taught: the ideas and beliefs that are taught by a person, religion, etc.
teaching. adjective. Introduction to Concept Mapping. Used as a learning and teaching technique, concept mapping visually illustrates the relationships between concepts and ideas.