An understanding of biological sex

Mechanisms[ edit ] All animals have a set of DNA coding for genes present on chromosomes. In humans, most mammals, and some other species, two of the chromosomescalled the X chromosome and Y chromosomecode for sex. In these species, one or more genes are present on their Y chromosome that determine maleness.

An understanding of biological sex

Your biological or assigned sex does not always tell your complete story. What are the differences between sex, gender, and gender identity? It goes on your birth certificate. Gender is much more complex: Each culture has standards about the way that people should behave based on their gender.

This is also generally male or female. Gender identity is how you feel inside and how you express your gender through clothing, behavior, and personal appearance.

The factors that determine our assigned sex begin as early as fertilization. Each sperm has either an X or a Y chromosome in it.

All eggs have an X chromosome. When sperm fertilizes an egg, its X or Y chromosome combines with the X chromosome of the egg.

A person with XX chromosomes usually has female sex and reproductive organs, and is therefore usually assigned biologically female. A person with XY chromosomes usually has male sex and reproductive organs, and is therefore usually assigned biologically male.

Other arrangements of chromosomes, hormones, and body parts can happen, which results in someone being intersex. Gender is much bigger and more complicated than assigned sex.

For example, ideas about how men and women are expected to behave, dress, and communicate all contribute to gender.

An understanding of biological sex

Gender is also a social and legal status as girls and boys, men, and women. Just remember that biological or assigned sex is about biology, anatomy, and chromosomes. Your gender identity is how you feel inside and how you express those feelings.

Clothing, appearance, and behaviors can all be ways to express your gender identity. Some people feel like a masculine female, or a feminine male. Some people feel neither male nor female. These people are called cisgender. Other people feel that their assigned sex is of the other gender from their gender identity i.The XY sex-determination system is the sex-determination system found in humans, most other mammals, some insects (), some snakes, and some plants ().In this system, the sex of an individual is determined by a pair of sex vetconnexx.coms typically have two of the same kind of sex chromosome (XX), and are called the homogametic typically have two different kinds of sex .

understanding of the socially constructed distinction between male and female, based on biological sex but also including number of indicators of biological sex, including sex chromosomes, gonads, internal reproductive organs and external genitalia.

An understanding of biological sex

(APA, ). Charles Darwin was born in , seven years after his grandfather Erasmus had died. Charles grew up during a conservative period in British and American society, shortly after the Napoleonic Wars.

Understanding Your Own Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. There are many different types of sexual identities and gender identities. It can be hard to decide where you fit, especially if you are unsure of who you’re attracted to or if you feel like your gender and sex don’t match.

Over the year history of the program, the Holiday Lectures on Science has covered topics in evolution, earth science, virology, and biodiversity—to name just a few. Summary: The psychological and scientific communities provide much speculation but few reliable answers about the causes of same-sex attraction.

Our many years of experience suggest a .

The Biological Basis for Gender-Specific Behavior |