Visit Website Did you know? The magistrates, though elected by the people, were drawn largely from the Senate, which was dominated by the patricians, or the descendants of the original senators from the time of Romulus.
Penthesilea brought her Amazon warriors to help the Trojans defend their city, but was killed in combat with Achilles, the greatest of the Greek warriors. The ancient Greeks lived in many lands around the Mediterranean Sea, from Turkey to the south of France.
They had close contacts with other peoples such as the Egyptians, Syrians and Persians. The Greeks lived in separate city-states, but shared the same language and religious beliefs. They were mainly farmers, but trade across the sea, particularly in raw materials such as obsidian volcanic glass and metals, was growing.
Mycenaean culture flourished on the Greek mainland in the Late Bronze Age, from about to B. The name comes from the site of Mycenae, where the culture was first recognized after the excavations in of Heinrich Schliemann.
Pottery stemmed bowl decorated with a procession of riders in chariots, Mycenaean, about B.
The upper zone of the vase is painted with a frieze of chariots, pulled by elongated horses, in which ride a charioteer and a passenger. Such chariot processions on vases may well have been inspired by contemporary fresco-paintings which decorated the walls of Mycenaean palaces.
Objects and artworks from this time are found throughout mainland Greece and the Greek islands. Distinctive Mycenaean pottery was distributed widely across the eastern Mediterranean. These show the beginnings of Greek mythology being used to decorate works of art.
They come from about the same time that the epics of Homer were reaching the form in which we inherit them, as the earliest Greek literature. The collapse of Mycenaean civilization around B.
But by around B. The Strangford Apollo, c. Kouros the singular form is a term used to describe a type of statue of a male figure produced in marble during the Archaic period of Greek art. Such statues can be colossal that is larger than life or less than life size. They all have a conventional pose, where the head and body can be divided equally by a central line, and the legs are parted with the weight placed equally front and back.
The male figures, usually in the form of naked young men, acted both as grave markers and as votive offerings, the latter perhaps intended to be representations of the dedicator. The female figures served similar functions, but differed from their male counterparts in that they were elaborately draped.
The mouth is invariably fixed in a smile, which is probably a symbolic expression of the arete "excellence" of the person represented. It used to be thought that all kouroi were intended as representations of the god Apollo.Aug 19, · Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c.
AD). The Golden Age in Europe: Greece The For example, the Vedic or ancient Hindu culture saw history as cyclical, composed of yugas with alternating Dark and Golden Ages.
The Kali yuga (Iron Age), Dwapara yuga (Bronze Age), Treta yuga (Silver Age) and Satya yuga (Golden Age) correspond to the four Greek ages. Following the defeat of a Persian invasion in B.C.E., mainland Greece and Athens in particular entered into a golden age. In drama and philosophy, literature, .
The “golden age” of Greece lasted for little more than a century but it laid the foundations of western civilization. The age began with the unlikely defeat of a vast Persian army by badly outnumbered Greeks and it ended with an inglorious and lengthy war between Athens and Sparta.
The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between B.C. and B.C.—a relatively sophisticated period in world history.
Archaic Greece. May 13, · The Golden age of Athens Intro: Athens is one of the best known cities of the ancient world.
With a rich culture and a legendary legacy it is one of the best known cities of the ancient vetconnexx.coms: